It's a wonderful, beautiful, sunny, colored, funny book Heretics! The Wondrous (and dangerous) beginnings of modern philosophy by Steven Nadler and Ben Nadler. The cover, with spectacular, warm colors, reminds us at old--times
Princeton University Press launched this
graphic novel, a real funny full immersion into the mind of the
principal thinkers of the 1600.
These philosophers didn't change just philosophy but the structure of the modern thought thanks to their innovative ideas. At first we meet Giordano Bruno burned, poor chap, because of his too much modern ideas.
At the same time 1600 is a period of ferment.
Galileo Galilei with its theories about Earth seen as a Planet in movement is condemned by the Church: he is a heretic. Just these recent years the Catholic Church admitted its error, giving back him peace, credits and respect.
thought that only men had souls, excluding animals and all the other
creatures from his theory. His theories, like also the ones of the
various thinkers of 1600 and 1700 spaced from philosophy to physics
because there is to saying this: we live in the XXI century in an Age of
specializations, where people in general are specialized in a certain field of knowledge, and that's it.
In the past starting from Humanism passing through Renaissance and also 1600 thinkers were able to create beautiful and original theories with different subjects and topics, thanks to the immensity of their knowledge, extended in arts, philosophy, history, physics, literature, astronomy, medicine, science, occult.
Descartes studied science and perception and objects. I found hilarious this.
says: "How can I know that I can know if I don't know what it is to
know?" A friend of him looking at him and at a bottle of wine close to
him thinks that maybe it is better to stop to drink too much for
avoiding other nonsense :-)
Movements of bodies other topics developed by Descartes.
Pascal a much more pessimistic thinker like also Thomas Hobbes.
Hobbes thinks that for governing people it's better just a person.
separating the State from the Church and thinking that the Church should stay out from the decisions taken by the State.
Spinoza at the same time thinks that nature or God are synonyms. There is no bad or good in nature
to the Jewish philosopher. Goodness or badness happens and that's it.
According to Spinoza we should try to understand what it drives us: our
passions or our rationality?
Leibnitz was a passionate
mathematician but gave also fundamental answers about the human being.
Leibnitz believed in God as most of these thinkers. The graphic novels
ends with the arrival in 1703 of Isaac Newton with his three fundamental
laws of motion and law of gravitation and with Voltaire.
In common these philosophers shared a passion: the one of trying to discover the essence of the world in its complexity and its reality.
This choice meant troubles and problems. Most of them considered heretics, their thoughts too innovative
for being appreciates by the most conservative and skeptical part of
their world, they are the most modern fighters of the free thought.
Some of them lost their life because of their ideas, someone else in
jail, but, all of them fought for giving a new definition of the world
where they lived in.
Passionate, this sunny graphic
narrative novel will be surely appreciate by everyone! What I loved the
most the immediate full-immersion in a multi-dimensional reality
involving God, physics, philosophy, society, laws, order, government in
just 180 or so pages. Stunning!
I thank Princeton University Press for the physical copy of this amazing graphic novel!
Anna Maria Polidori